Journal Style

Length of Articles: There is no word limit on articles. Articles will be considered on their merit. irrespective of length of the articles As the journal aims for a wide readership, authors should write in accessible language of intelligent communication. Unless absolutely necessary, complex and lengthy models should be confined to the appendix. Footnotes are preferred to endnotes. The location of footnotes within the text should be indicated by superscript numbers.

Abstracts: Each article should include an abstract of 100-200 words.

Titles: Titles of articles should be brief and accurate. Headings and sub-headings within the text should be short and clear.

Spelling: Both the British or US spelling are accepted. It is recommended that the whole document consistently use your preferred spelling.

Quotations, Numbers, Dates and Tables/Figures: Use single quotation marks. For quotations within quotations, use double marks. Indent longer quotations. Omit points in USA, Ms, Dr and other such abbreviations. Use the smallest possible number of numerals when referring to pagination and dates (e.g. 10-19, 42-5, 1961-4, 1961-75, 2000-2). In the text, spell out numbers from one to ninety-nine; use numerals for 100 and over. Always use numerals for percentages (75 per cent) and units of measurement (13km, US$40,000). Spell out ‘per cent’ in the text; the symbol % is acceptable in tables. Dates should be in the form 19 May 2000. Tables and figures should be kept to a minimum. Notes and sources should be placed under each table/figure. Column headings in tables should clearly define the data presented. Tables are preferred to charts. Where charts are to be included in the published paper, submissions should also included the associated tables in excel or word format for editorial references and ease of formatting the charts for publication. Black/white charts and graphs are preferred; avoid coloured charts and graphs as far as is possible. Camera-ready artwork should be supplied for all figures.

Referencing: Use the Harvard system of referencing. Works cited in the text should read thus: (Rao, 2001: 41–4); Prasad (1998, 2002). For groups of citations, order alphabetically and not chronologically, using a semi-colon to separate names: (Chand and Naidu, 1997; Narayan, 2001; Robertson, 1998). Use ‘et al.’ when citing multi-authored works, but list all the authors in the references. To distinguish different works by the same author in the same year, use the letters a, b, c, etc., e.g. Rao (2001a , 2001b).

All works cited in the text (including sources for tables and figures) should be listed alphabetically under References. For multi-authored works, invert the name of the first author only (Chand, G. and V. Naidu). Use (ed.) for one editor, but (eds) for multiple editors. When listing two or more works by one author, repeat the author’s name for each entry. Indicate (opening and closing) page numbers for articles in journals and chapters in books.

Indenture Papers requires that full references be provided of all works cited in the paper. The essence of referencing is that all information needs to be provided which will enable a reader to locate the cited material(s). Arrange references using the following style and punctuation:

Journal articles:
Rao, G. (2005). ‘Fuel Pricing in Fiji’, Fijian Studies: A Journal of Contemporary Fiji, 3(1): 139-51.

Halapua, W. (2003). Tradition, Lotu and Militarism in Fiji. Lautoka: Fiji Institute of Applied Studies.
Chand, G. and V. Naidu (eds) (1997). FIJI: Coups, Crises, and Reconciliation, 1987-1997. Suva: Fiji Institute of Applied Studies.

Contributions to books:
Wah, R. (1997), ‘The Fijian Renaissance’, in G. Chand and V. Naidu (eds) Fiji: Coups, Crises and Reconciliation, 1987-1997. Suva: Fiji Institute of Applied Studies, pp. 151-71.

Conference papers:
Narayan, P.K. (2002), ‘Fiji Tourism Demand: An Autoregressive Distributed Lag Model’. Paper presented at the 33rd Annual Conference of the Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, Kansas City, Missouri (30 May-1 June).

Dissertations/Thesis/Unpublished works:
Prasad, B. C. (1998), ‘Property Rights, Economic Development and Environment in Fiji: A Study focusing on Sugar, Tourism and Forestry’. Thesis, PhD, Department of Economics, University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland.

Editorial Office

Correspondences are to be addressed to the respective Editor-in-Chief for the date these are made, with copies to the Managing Editor ( and

Address for formal delivery of documentation: The Editor, Papers on Indenture, C/- Global Girmit Institute, P O Box 7580, Lautoka, Fiji.